Mosquito Lagoon

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Pole/Troll Zone


Our Cottage is right off of the Mosquito Lagoon

Mosquito Lagoon is a part of the Indian River Lagoon (IRL) which is a 156 mile long estuary that spans from Ponce de Leon Inlet in the north to Jupiter Inlet in the south. Located on Florida’s east-central coast, the Indian River Lagoon is America’s most diverse estuary.  There are over 400 species of fish, 260 species of mollusks and 479 species of shrimp and crabs.  Mosquito Lagoon overlaps the temperate and the subtropical zones creating a highly diverse system.

Mosquito Lagoon lies within the Meritt Island National Wildlife Refuge and offers excellent Fishing opportunities. These pristine waters are home to some of the best Redfish flats you can find anywhere in the country.  Schools of Redfish exceeding 100 fish can be found every month of the year and offer incredible Light Tackle and Fly Fishing opportunities for the visiting angler.  This area of Central Florida is known as "The Redfish Capital of the World" due to the year-round fishery and sheer size of Redfish that inhabit these inshore waters, providing rod-bending action for all types of shallow water anglers.

Another great activity pursued in the Mosquito Lagoon is Shrimping!  One of the most popular places to go shrimping is near Riverbreeze park in Oak Hill.  This is the area where our cottage is located.  Shrimping is a fun activity for all.  Shrimping is done at night on an outgoing tide.  One places lights in the water and waits for shrimp to swim by.  When you see them, dip them up with a net.    The daily limit is one 5 gallon bucket of shrimp

The Mosquito Lagoon is long, narrow, estuary that is bordered on the east by a barrier island and on the west by the mainland and is connected to the Indian River via the Haulover canal near Titsuville.

Mosquito Lagoon has been designated an Outstanding Florida Water by the State of Florida and, as part of the Indian River Lagoon, an Estuary of National Significance by the Environmental Protection Agency.  It is renown for its outstanding biological diversity, recreational fishery and as habitat for several federally-protected animals.  Lagoon waters are classified as Class II which is suitable for shellfish (clam and oyster) propagation and harvesting. 

Estuaries, such as Mosquito Lagoon, contain brackish water, a mixture of salt and fresh water.  In Mosquito Lagoon,  salinity levels are high and frequently equal ocean levels (about 32 parts per thousand).  Because of this, several fish species spawn in the lagoon that normally spawn in the ocean.  Large influxes of fresh water from runoff or heavy rain can actually act as a pollutant, negatively affecting estuarine species sensitive to salinity levels. While a problem in portions of the Indian River Lagoon south of Canaveral National Seashore (CANA), salinity levels are relatively stable in Mosquito Lagoon, averaging from 28-34 ppt. 

Since the lagoon ecosystem is based heavily on healthy seagrass beds, water clarity is essential.  Grass beds require light to conduct photosynthesis.  Water that is clouded with silt or organic matter, including algal blooms caused by high levels of nutrients, prevent light penetration and limit the growth of seagrass.  Water clarity in Mosquito Lagoon is very good in the winter and early spring but decreases in the summer and fall.






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This site was last updated 03/29/06